How Cow Milking Machine Can Double Farmer’s Income

Smart dairy farming: how the cow milking machine can double farmers’ income

Dairy farming is the practice of keeping or raising animals for the purpose of producing milk and milk products. For profitable dairy production, farmers need to select popular breeds of cows, sheep and goats.

Smart dairy farming

Smart dairy farming is becoming more viable through the Internet of Things (IoT) and data-driven strategies. Due to global population growth, milk consumption is steadily increasing. In developed countries, dairy products are consumed at a higher rate than in underdeveloped countries. Better technical solutions to increase milk production are needed to meet this growing demand for dairy products. The use of IoT and various AI techniques is intended to help a farmer overcome several traditional farming obstacles and increase milk production.

Although many cattle can produce milk, but in this article we will focus on dairy cows.

Modern dairy farming of cows

Dairy farming is mainly concerned with reproductive care and milking. The calves are cared for with care. They were also fed their mother’s milk. A substantial amount of high quality fodder is also provided. It is estimated that a herd of cows will eat about 900 tons of fodder per year.

Milking process

The cows are taken to a special milking compartment where they are milked automatically while they eat. With this automatic milking system hundreds of cows can be milked in one day. After taking the set amount of milk, the automatic system containing a pipe through which the milk passes will disconnect. And the current batch of cows will be replaced by a new batch.

Robotic milking: Another modern system is the Milking Robot. Robotic milking has gained significant acceptance, especially in Western Europe, as a method to minimize labor on dairy farms, improve yield per cow and improve the lifestyle of dairy farm families who milk 40 to 250 cows .

Cow stress is reduced as they can choose to be milked when they need and want it. There is no set plan to milk each cow at a specific time, which reduces stress and increases milk production.

Cows can approach a robotic milking machine whenever they want to be milked. These machines can also feed or supplement cows, as well as track body weight, milk production, temperature and other factors to help track health and welfare. Teat cups with sensors connect to the cow’s teats from below, after disinfection, to reduce mastitis. The robot then finishes milking the cow, detaches itself from the animal and the cow is free to leave the machine.

How to start robotic milking

It is advisable to start with 50-60 cows per robot and divide the group into two sub-groups when using robotic milking. Cows are lured inside the robot three times a day for the first three days. To prevent cows from developing a negative association with the robot, this should be done in a calm and patient manner. Once 75% of the cows go alone to the robots during these three days, the routing gates can be removed. Allow cows to roam freely (free cow traffic) and herd cows with a milking interval of more than 10 hours four times a day.

The number of cows retrieved is gradually reduced to twice a day, with only cows with a milking interval of more than 12 hours (or more than 10 kg (22 lb) of milk being retrieved.


This technology will play an important role in the future of the dairy industry. To date, only a small amount of research has revealed ways to increase robot efficiency by strategically managing stocking rates and milking permissions, as well as selecting cows based on speed. milking and teat positioning. Further studies in these areas, as well as the possibility of varying milking frequency, will surely lead to new ways to improve the results of robotic milking in terms of labor savings and milk production. milk per milking stall and per cow.

First published: May 31, 2022, 05:48 IST

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