Dairy farming and technology together can change the face of the Indian dairy industry

Farmer feeding his cow

India is the the biggest milk producer in the world supported 22% global share of milk production and was responsible for the production of approximately 196 million tonnes milk in 2019.

Developing countries have increased their share of world milk production over the past decades. Rather than an increase in production per capita, this expansion is mainly due to a to augment in number of producing animals.

It is also due to the introduction of milking machines which have, in some respects, completely replaced hand milking, according to Arun, a youngster who runs a dairy farm in Karnal, Haryana “Vacuum machines for milking cows are much better than normal hand milking, as cattle are often irritated when hand milked, however, Vacuum machines are much smoother and just need to be cleaned once a while, while it is also capable of performing a 15 to 20 minute job in about 5 minutes too much.

This itself shows the amount that technology and innovations contribute to any industry. It helps save time, money, resources and is also responsible for producing more products in the same amount of time.

It also helps dairy farmers use their extra time in other areas of interest to them. Below are some technological innovations in the field of dairy products.

Cattle health monitoring devices

Cattle production, longevity and reproduction are all affected by health problems. Farmers spend a lot of money every year on the health and welfare of their livestock.

Farmers can measure, monitor and manage health, nutrition, behavior, gestation, milking frequency, milk production abnormalities and activity level of livestock in real time through portable electronic devices for similar animals to human fitness trackers. Ears, tail, legs, neck or any other body part of cattle can be implanted with these smart animal trackers.

Automated livestock traffic management

Managing and moving animals to milking stalls and back to their barns or barns can be a tedious task. There is also a risk that the livestock will be injured. Computer controlled doors open and close electrically in an automated livestock traffic management system. These doors allow the cattle to be sorted according to whether or not they are ready to be milked. Animals that are ready to be milked are moved to the milking area, while the rest are either placed in the waiting area or returned to their barns.

Food management system

The dietary requirements of cattle are determined by their health and weather conditions. A sick or pregnant cow, for example, may need additional nutrients. Cattle need extra glucose in their diet when the weather is hot and humid. To maintain maximum milk production throughout the year, various feeding technologies create tailor-made feed additives, supplements, premixes and base mixes. The National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), for example, has developed protein bypass technology to provide specially processed protein supplements that can be fed to livestock to increase milk production and quality.

Then there are digital feed monitoring solutions, which can help farmers detect feed quality, manage feed stocks, and determine feeding patterns for their livestock. In fact, with a feed monitoring tool, you can create a personalized diet for each cow based on her body weight, milk quality and production, improving fertility and productivity.

The above list of technologies is full but not exhaustive. Most dairy technologies now face acceptance barriers in India, as much of India’s dairy sector is still made up of small and unorganized businesses that lack financial resources, access to Technology, and skills to implement it. The good news is that India has already launched the dairy technology revolution, and it will only be a matter of time before these technologies become mainstream.

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